Study Help Full Glossary

binders machines that both reap and bind grain. Brussels carpet a patterned carpeting made of small loops of colored woolen yarn in a linen warp. carpet bag an old-fashioned type of traveling bag, made of carpeting. chaff the husks of wheat or other grain separated in threshing or winnowing. clamps […]

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George Orwell Biography

Son and Student George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903, in Bengal, India, where his father, Richard Walmesley Blair, was an official in the Opium Department. Like many middle-to-upper-class men of his time, Richard Blair served the British Empire in its most prized and lucrative colony. […]

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Character Analysis Pilkington

The owner of Foxwood, a neighboring farm in “disgraceful” condition, Pilkington becomes an ally to Napoleon. This alliance, however, has a rocky start, when Napoleon changes the pigeons’ message of “Death to Jones; Frederick” to “Death to Pilkington” and Pilkington refuses to help when the farm is attacked by Frederick. […]

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Character Analysis Frederick

The crafty owner of Pinchfield, a neighboring farm, Frederick is “perpetually involved in lawsuits” and reveals himself to be a cutthroat businessman. Despite his offers of sympathy to Jones about the rebellion at his farm, Frederick inwardly hopes that he can “somehow turn Jones’ misfortune to his own advantage.” He […]

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Character Analysis Jones

Like George III to the American colonists or Czar Nicholas II to the Russian revolutionaries, Jones is the embodiment of the tyranny against which the animals rebel — and with good reason. An inept farmer and slovenly drunkard, Jones cares little for his Manor Farm and the animals who live […]

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Character Analysis Moses

With his tales of the “promised land” to which all animals retire after death, Moses is the novel’s “religious” figure. Like his biblical counterpart, Moses offers his listeners descriptions of a place — Sugarcandy Mountain — where they can live free from oppression and hunger. At first, the pigs find […]

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